[javaee-spec users] [jsr342-experts] Re: request scope for Web Sockets?

From: Kevin Sutter <>
Date: Tue, 21 May 2013 16:06:50 -0500

We've been discussing this issue among the EG members here (java ee, cdi,
and web sockets) and the consensus is that more thought needs to go into
the "final solution". So, whether that's an MR or wait for the next Java
EE 8, but the overall issue needs more investigation before deciding on a

But, what to do in the mean time? Bill's suggested errata update almost
sounds too open-ended. But, it's my understanding from reading the JIRA
that leaving it as is until Java EE 8 would prevent some scenarios from
working as expected.

Instead of providing a band-aid fix via an errata, I would propose an MR.
Of course, the next question is whether we do an MR on the Java EE 7
platform, or the individual CDI and Web Socket specs... Regardless, I
prefer the MR approach to allow for a more thorough discussion.

Kevin Sutter, Java EE and Java Persistence API (JPA) architect
mail:, Kevin Sutter/Rochester/IBM
phone: tl-553-3620 (office), 507-253-3620 (office)

From: Werner Keil <>
Date: 05/21/2013 02:05 AM
Subject: [jsr342-experts] Re: [javaee-spec users] request scope for
Web Sockets?

Given EE 8 shall also benefit from a more unified approach to state thanks
to JSR 350, dealing with scope in a more unified way as Markus suggested
looks like a good thing, too. Either on the umbrella level or in a
separate cross-cut JSR like CDI or State Management where better dealt
Whatever causes less disruption, errata or a MR should be done for now.
Although the umbrella JSR is approved and final, it's not like products
spread like mushrooms, especially in the EE space. Some are just jumping
the Java EE 6 bandwagon with their products:-D
Am 17.05.2013 11:52 schrieb "Markus Eisele" <>:
Hi Bill/All,

I had to sleep over this and I'm still unhappy with my thoughts.
The tight coupling to the request-response model is irritating with
bidirectional protocols and I really think your idea of defining a
MessageScope is needed to fix it generally.
Reading the linked issue I feel the need to pull the scopes up to the
umbrella spec to make sure they work equally in all contained specs..

If we could agree to follow that approach in EE8 I would say it is ok
to go the 'errata' way for this release.


Am Donnerstag, 16. Mai 2013 schrieb Bill Shannon :

An issue has come up about the definition of the CDI request scope and how
it applies to Web Sockets applications. The issue is reported here:

We're trying to decide whether this is a simple oversight that could be
corrected with an errata to the existing spec(s), or whether it's a
requirement that would require a new revision of the spec(s). Since this
involves the interaction of three specs, I'm starting the conversation

Danny, Pete, Shing Wai, please forward this message to your expert groups
for their input as well.

Here's the definition of when a request scope is active and when it is

> The request scope is active:
> - during the service() method of any servlet in the web
> application, during the doFilter() method of any servlet filter
> when the container calls any ServletRequestListener or
> - during any Java EE web service invocation,
> - during any remote method invocation of any EJB, during any
> asynchronous method invocation of any EJB, during any call to an
> timeout method and during message delivery to any EJB
> bean, and
> - during any message delivery to a MessageListener for a JMS
> topic or queue obtained from the Java EE component environment.
> The request context is destroyed:
> - at the end of the servlet request, after the service() method, all
> doFilter() methods, and all requestDestroyed() and onComplete()
> notifications return,
> - after the web service invocation completes,
> - after the EJB remote method invocation, asynchronous method
> timeout or message delivery completes, or
> - after the message delivery to the MessageListener completes.

It would be easy to "fix" the first bullet in each list above by saying
"oops, we forgot to include the work done by a protocol handler in
Servlet 3.1". Since all this other work done by Servlet applications
is part of the same request scope, adding the work done by protocol
handlers would make sense.

But, we have to decide if that's the fix we want.

Adding bullet items to each list to cover specific Web Socket operations
might be more what people are expecting, resulting in a request scope for
Web Sockets that's "smaller" than the request scope for the corresponding
http request. Even if we did that, we would still need to define clearly
whether or not a request scope is active during any arbitrary protocol
handler operation (not just Web Socket protocol handlers). Defining it
for Web Sockets but not defining it for protocol handlers in general might
be acceptable. Defining it one way for Web Sockets and a different way
for other protocol handlers would not be acceptable.

Should we fix this as an errata by saying that obviously protocol handler
operations should've been included in those lists of Servlet operations?

Or should we add items to each list to cover specifically Web Socket
operations? (In which case what do we say about protocol handlers in
general?) This would clearly require a new version of either the CDI
spec or the Web Sockets spec.

If we defined all Web Socket operations for a single http request to be
part of the same request scope (the "errata" approach), we could later
define a "message" scope or something similar to cover individual Web

Let us know what you think.